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European Article Number; A common product
code established by the European countries in 1977, being
based on the popularization and the success of UPC;
and then it has spread to all over the world.
JAN in Japan is one of
the derivations from EAN.
UPC consists of 12 digits,
including 1 digit of NS. EAN consists of 13 digits with
the 1-digit prefix, including
2 (or 3) digits of the flag.
EAN symbol barcode consists of 13 digits:
JAN symbol is its variation.
Each of black/white bars in Multi-level
barcodes. (See module)
Even Parity Charactor
EAN symbol, which sum of black bar modules
is even (not odd). (See Odd
One of the type of Standard
Symbology for Physical Distribution, which has 2-digit
(actually, to fit the length to even, affixed dummy zero
before it, so it seems 3 digits) of identification
code for PD, to conform to the unique circumstances
of physical distribution in Japan.
Only for domestic use in Japan. (See Standard